Jaycee Dugard

Jaycee Dugard, an American native, was held in the captivity of Philip and Nancy Garrido for almost 18 years. In the captivity, she was raped many times by Philip, she also gave birth to her two daughters, Angel and Starlet Dugard, at the age of 14 and 17 respectively. She and her daughters were recovered from captivity in 2009.

Jaycee Dugard’s Overview

  • Birth Name: Jaycee Lee Dugard
  • Age: 42
  • Date of Birth: 3 May, 1980
  • Place of Birth: California, United States
  • Nationality: American
  • Father: Ken Slayton
  • Mother: Terry Probyn
  • Siblings: Shayna
  • Children: Angel Dugard and Starlet Dugard
  • Date of Abduction: June 10, 1991
  • Date of Release: August 26, 2009
  • Perpetrators: Philip and Nancy Garrido

Early Life, Education and Family

  • Jaycee was born to Terry Probyn in May, 1980, her biological father was Ken Slayton, however, he was unaware that he had fathered a daughter. 
  • During September 1990, Jaycee along with her family shifted to Meyers from Arcadia, California, Los Angeles County, thinking that it is a safer community to live. 
  • Jaycee was a shy child and was only close to her and her half-sister Shayna.
  • Her mother married Carl Probyn, however, Jaycee was never close to him. 
  • At the time of her abduction, Jaycee was just eleven and was studying in fifth standard. 

Read also: Ted Bundy, The American Serial Killer of 1970s

Abduction 

  • On 10 June, 1991, Jaycee’s mother, who was a typesetter in a print house, left early for work. 
  • Jaycee Dugard walked from her house to the hill to catch the school bus. 
  • On the way, a car approached her and she thought that they would ask for directions. 
  • However, the driver, Philip Garrido, rolled his window down and made her unconscious with a stun gun. 
  • Her wife, Nancy Garrido, dragged Jaycee Dugard into the car and removed her clothes leaving only a ring which she hid for the next 18 years. 
  • While driving to their home, Nancy covered her in a blanket and held her while she drifted in and out of the unconsciousness. 
  • Probyn saw her abduction from a distance and chased them on a bicycle but failed to overtake them. 
  • A few of Dugard’s classmates also witnessed her abduction. 
  • Initial investigation suspected Probyn and Slayton, however, after passing the polygraph test, they were cleared of suspicion.

Search for Jaycee Dugard

  • Within a few hours of her disappearance, media arrived at the place to cover the incident. 
  • Within days, numerous local volunteers came up to assist in searching for her. 
  • Thousands of fliers and posters were mailed and put up across the US. 
  • The town was blanketed in the pink color ribbons to remember her disappearance and as a support to her family.
  • Terry Probyn came across a group named Jaycee’s Hope which was directing volunteers. 
  • Tapes of the song Jaycee Lee, T-shirts, buttons and sweatshirts were sold to raise funds for the poster material, getting it printed and related expenses. 
  • Child Quest International and National Center for Missing and Exploited Children exerted their efforts to find her.

Read also: Leslie Van Houten, Murderer from The Manson Family

Captivity

  • After arriving at their home at an unincorporated island of Antioch, Garridos took Jaycee at the back of their house with her head still covered and placed her inside a small shed that was soundproof and was constructed by them. 
  • Garrido cuffed her hands and left her naked and warned her that if she tried to escape, the trained Doberman outside would attack her. 
  • Then, Garrido forced her into a shower with him. 
  • During her first week of captivity, she remained handcuffed and her only contact was Garrido who bought her food and talked to her. 
  • After a week, Dugard raped her while she was still handcuffed. 
  • He continued to rape her at least once a week for the first three years of captivity. 
  • Garrido provided her with television at a point, however, she couldn’t watch the news and so she remained unaware of the ongoing search for her. 
  • After a month and a half, Garrido moved her into a larger room and she was handcuffed to a bed. 
  • At times, Garrido made her put on make up and dress to accompany him for some time while cutting porn figures from the magazines. 
  • He made her listen to the imaginary voices that he said he could hear from the walls. 
  • These things often ended with Garrido crying and apologizing to Jaycee Dugard while also threatening her to sell to other people. 
  • After seven months, he introduced Dugard to Nancy who bought her stuffed toys and chocolate milk and engaged in similar apologies. 
  • Garridos continued to manipulate her, once with kittens who later vanished mysteriously. 
  • Once Garrido saw her singing her real name in a journal and forced her to tear the page. This was the last time she said her name in captivity. 
  • One of Garrido’s neighbors, Patrick McQuaid, met her through the fence soon after the kidnapping and when he asked if she was visiting there and living there, she said that she was living there. 
  • After some time, Garrido took her back indoors and built a 8 foot tall fence. 

Pregnancy and Giving Birth

  • After three years of Jaycee Dugard’s captivity, she was given freedom from handcuffs at times, however, she was still bottled in the room. 
  • In 1994, on Easter Sunday, Garridos gave her cooked food and informed her that they think she is pregnant. 
  • At the time, she was 13 and she learnt about the sex and pregnancy from TV and was forced to watch similar shows to remain prepared for the birth of her first child. 
  • On August 18, 1994, at the age of 14, Dugard gave birth to her first daughter. 
  • Garrido now raped her less frequently and last time he did so was the day she conceived her second child. 
  • On November 13, 1997, at the age of 17, Jaycee Dugard gave birth to her second daughter. 
  • She continued to protect her daughters from Garrido. 
  • She adjusted her captivity by planting in the garden and homeschooling her daughters. 
  • At times of their interaction with the outsiders, Dugard and their daughters were asked to call Nancy their mother and Dugard their elder sisters. 
  • After some time, Jaycee Dugard had access to a business phone and an email account. 
  • However, customers stated that she never indicated about her abduction and never attempted to leave. 
  • Dugard was seen in the Garrido household many times by the witnesses and the girls were seen playing in the backyard.

Missed Rescue Opportunities

  • Police during the investigation did not realize that Jaycee was kidnapped at the same place where Garrido did his previous kidnapping. 
  • In April 1992, a man reported to the Sheriff’s department that he saw Dugard in the gas station near Garrido’s home. However, the police never investigated. 
  • In June 2002, a call went to the Antioch department reporting that a child with a shoulder injury in the swimming pool was seen at the Garrido’s home. 
  • In 2006, a neighbor of Garrido called 911 to inform that the children are living in the tents in the backyard of Garrido’s home and that he is a psychotic and had sexual addictions. 
  • The deputy sheriff spoke to Garrido and left after a warning. 

Read also: Chris Watts, Murdered Who Killed His Wife and Daughter

Reappearance

  • In August 2009, Garrido went to the office of FBI in San Francisco and left an essay with his ideas about sexuality and religion and suggested the ways to cure sexual predators. 
  • The same day, he went to the University of California with Dugard’s daughters and visited the campus police office and sought permission to hold an event in the name of God’s desire. 
  • When he approached the event manager, she asked him to get an appointment on the next day. 
  • He returned with the girls at the time of his appointment and Jacobs attended the meeting. 
  • The girls appeared pale to him and felt that they behaved in an unusual manner. 
  • So, Jacobs called the parole office to inform them about his concerns and left a voicemail. 
  • As soon as the officers heard the voice message, two agents drove to Garrido’s house after handcuffing him and found his mother and wife.
  • He told them that the girls were the daughters of his relative. 
  • After searching his house, they left after asking him to visit the office the next day. 
  • On August 26, Garrido arrived at the office with his wife, two girls and Jaycee Dugard whom he introduced as Allissa. 
  • The officer separated Garrido from Dugard and the girls to know their identity. 
  • Digard told the officer that the girls are her daughters. 
  • When forced to confirm her identity, Dugard became agitated and turned defensive and demanded to know why she was being investigated. 
  • The officer called the Concord police and upon their arrival, Garrido admitted that he had kidnapped and raped Jaycee Dugard. 
  • After this, Dugard identified herself as Jaycee Dugard. 
  • It was suggested that she showed the signs of Stockholm syndrome. 
  • Garrido and Nancy were arrested and an FBI agent connected Dugard with her mother over the call. 
  • Jaycee Dugard reunited with her mother on august 27, 2009, she also retained the custody of her daughters.
  • After arresting Garridos, police searched their home for evidence. 
  • Police agencies of Dublin and Hayward also contributed to the search.

Legal Proceedings

  • In August, 2009, Garrido and wife were found guilty in the charges of kidnapping and rape. 
  • On December 11, 2009, Katie Hall appeared in the courtroom and for further hearings, she was the one whom Garrido kidnapped and raped in 1976. 
  • On June 2, 2011, Philip Garrido was sentenced to life imprisonment of 431 years while Nancy was sentenced to 36 years in prison. 
  • Under the sentence, they were not eligible for parole until August 2034. 
  • Philip was sent to California State Prison in Corcoran while Nancy was sent to Central California Women’s Facility located in Chowchilla. 
  • Jaycee Dugard did not attend his sentencing, instead sent a message with her mother to be read in the court. 

Visual Portrayal of the case

  • Published in July 2011, A Stolen Life: A Memoir, was the autobiography of Jaycee Dugard. It showed her life in captivity. 
  • Investigation Discovery network’s show Wicked Attraction aired an episode on the case. 
  • Captive for 19 years: Jaycee Lee, was a documentary aired in October 2009, was focused on Jaycee Dugard’s kidnapping. 
  • Freedom: My Book of Firsts, second book authored by Dugard was released in July 2016. 
  • The case was also covered by Casefile True Crime Podcast in September 2016. 

Reference Link

Jaycee Dugard-FAQs

How old was Jaycee Dugard when she was found?

When Jaycee was found in 2009, she was 29 and a mother of two daughters of 11 and 15 years.

How old was Jaycee Dugard when she was kidnapped?

Jaycee was just 11 when she was abducted by Phillip and Nancy Garrido in 1991. 

What does Jaycee Dugard do today?

Jaycee runs a foundation named JAYC and helps similar victims to reunite with their families. 

How old was Jaycee when she gave birth?

At the time of the birth of her elder daughter, Jaycee was just 15.

Who are Jaycee Dugard’s daughters?

Jaycee Dugard has two daughters, namely, AAngel Dugard and Starlet Dugard.

What are the books written by Jaycee Dugard?

Jaycee Dugard has written two books till now, these are:
A Stolen Life: A Memoir
Freedom: My Book of Firsts

How old is Jaycee Dugard now?

Born in May 1980, Jaycee Dugard is currently 42.